Showing posts with label Maureen Cleave. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Maureen Cleave. Show all posts

Monday, November 8, 2021

Maureen Cleave, journalist who reported John Lennon's "more popular than Jesus" quote, dead at 87

Maureen Cleave, who befriended the Beatles as a young reporter for London's Evening Standard, died at age 87 on Nov. 6.

She interviewed the group early in its career, accompanied them on their first visit to the U.S., and in March1966 wrote feature stories on each member, plus one with Beatles manager Brian Epstein.

All the interviews captured the Beatles in a transitional period, just ahead of Revolver, the end of touring and Sgt. Pepper. The band was asking questions about what to do now that they'd achieved all they'd set out to do.

George talked of his interest in Indian music; Ringo discussed his home life as a young dad in suburbia; Paul was the swinging bachelor in London checking out art exhibits, plays and performances of avant-garde music, and John was feeling stir crazy, reading widely about religion and philosophy, and planning his next move - there was more to life than being a moptop.

In the course of the interview, John observed - not braggingly, but matter-of-factly - that, right then, the Beatles were more popular than Christ. He felt that the teachings of Jesus had been distorted by his disciples and all the church leaders who followed, and that people no longer felt connected to the faith as a result.

"Christianity will go. It will vanish and shrink," John told Cleave, "I needn't argue about that; I'm right and I'll be proved right. We're more popular than Jesus now; I don't know which will go first – rock 'n' roll or Christianity. Jesus was all right but his disciples were thick and ordinary. It's them twisting it that ruins it for me."

While Cleave's piece didn't get into the details, one of the books John had recently read was the controversial best-seller “The Passover Plot,” by Hugh J. Schonfield, an English Biblical scholar who was among the first theologians to study the Dead Sea Scrolls.

In his book, Schonfield presents the case that Jesus was not the son of God, but instead a normal man who attempted to stage his death and resurrection as a way to bring peace to the world by carrying out the messianic prophecies of his time. The plan was for Jesus to consume a non-fatal poison that made him appear dead after his crucifixion and to then rise up, but the scheme went awry when he was stabbed while on the cross.

By presenting Christ as a brilliant spiritual leader who also was “magnificently human,” Schonfield hoped that readers would see that the “Kingdom of God was right beside them, under their noses, ready to appear whenever they were willing to comply with the conditions which would inaugurate it.”

“The mind that was in the Messiah can therefore also be in us,” Schonfield wrote. Each of us, he said, had the power to ensure that “the victory for which Jesus relentlessly schemed and strove will be won at last. There will be peace throughout the earth.”

One can see how the book inspired not just John's statement in Cleave's interview, but his emerging interest in being a spokesman for peace.

John's comment received scant notice in England, but caused a storm of protest when the article was republished in Datebook, a teen magazine in the U.S. Protests and record burnings took place and Brian Epstein considered canceling the Beatles' American tour that summer. John was forced to repeatedly address the quote, mixing his attempts at clarification with notes of apology.  

“With a PR man at his side,” Maureen Cleave later recalled, “the quote would never have got into my notebook, let alone the Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, where it ended up. As it was, the Evening Standard didn’t even put it in the headline. We were used to him sounding off like that and knew it was ironically meant. But the Americans have little sense of irony, and when the article appeared in a magazine, all hell broke loose. It was the last time the Beatles ever toured.”

While it was rumored that Lennon had had an affair with Cleave and that she was the inspiration for the Beatles' "Norwegian Wood," Cleave said that Lennon had made "no pass" at her.

Cleave did little reporting on Lennon or the Beatles after the controversy, but she wrote affectionately about him in the Telegraph Weekend Magazine 10 years after his death, saying, "Once or twice I had been tempted to call and see him. What had happened to my old friend? Friend, buddy and pal, as he used to say.”

The Telegraph has an obituary of Cleave here.

And here are a couple of videos of her:

Friday, March 4, 2016

History: How does a Beatle live? John Lennon lives like this

Fifty years ago today - March 4, 1966 - The London Evening Standard published the first in a series of feature articles about the Beatles by reporter Maureen Cleave.

And it's this first entry, on John Lennon, that generated the most notoriety - but only later that summer, on the eve of the Beatles' final American tour, when a quote from it was republished in the edgy U.S. teen magazine Datebook.

The infamous quote, of course, was John's speculation that:
"Christianity will go. It will vanish and shrink. I needn't argue about that; I'm right and I will be proved right. We're more popular than Jesus now; I don't know which will go first - rock 'n' roll or Christianity. Jesus was all right but his disciples were thick and ordinary. It's them twisting it that ruins it for me."
Neither Cleave nor the Standard sensationalized the quote. As you can see from the clipping below, it's not in the lede or headline, nor in the pull-out quote. Datebook put the quote on its cover (we'll do a post on the Datebook piece on its 50th anniversary).

In its original context, the quote is not an attack on Christianity or organized religion, or a comparison of Christ to the Beatles. It's John musing about the state of the world to a journalist he trusts.

Cleave was one of the first London journalists to write about the Beatles, and one who took them seriously. Her profile of John, and subsequent ones on Paul, George, Ringo and Brian Epstein, are all worth reading in their entirety. Let's start with this one.

It was this time three years ago that The Beatles first grew famous. Ever since then, observers have anxiously tried to gauge whether their fame was on the wax or on the wane; they foretold the fall of the old Beatles, they searched diligently for the new Beatles (which was as pointless as looking for the new Big Ben).

At last they have given up; The Beatles' fame is beyond question. It has nothing to do with whether they are rude or polite, married or unmarried, 25 or 45; whether they appear on Top Of The Pops or do not appear on Top of the Pops. They are well above any position even a Rolling Stone might jostle for. They are famous in the way the Queen is famous. When John Lennon's Rolls-Royce, with its black wheels and its black windows, goes past, people say: 'It's the Queen,' or 'It's The Beatles.' With her they share the security of a stable life at the top. They all tick over in the public esteem - she in Buckingham Palace, they in the Weybridge-Esher area. Only Paul remains in London. 
The Weybridge community consists of the three married Beatles; they live there among the wooded hills and the stockbrokers. They have not worked since Christmas and their existence is secluded and curiously timeless. 'What day is it?' John Lennon asks with interest when you ring up with news from outside. The fans are still at the gates but The Beatles see only each other. They are better friends than ever before. 
Ringo and his wife, Maureen, may drop in on John and Cyn; John may drop in on Ringo; George and Pattie may drop in on John and Cyn and they might all go round to Ringo's, by car of course. Outdoors is for holidays. 
They watch films, they play rowdy games of Buccaneer; they watch television till it goes off, often playing records at the same time. They while away the small hours of the morning making mad tapes. Bedtimes and mealtimes have no meaning as such. 'We've never had time before to do anything but just be Beatles,' John Lennon said. 
He is much the same as he was before. He still peers down his nose, arrogant as an eagle, although contact lenses have righted the short sight that originally caused the expression. He looks more like Henry VIII than ever now that his face has filled out - he is just as imperious, just as unpredictable, indolent, disorganised, childish, vague, charming and quick-witted. He is still easy-going, still tough as hell. 'You never asked after Fred Lennon,' he said, disappointed. (Fred is his father; he emerged after they got famous.) 'He was here a few weeks ago. It was only the second time in my life I'd seen him - I showed him the door.' He went on cheerfully: 'I wasn't having him in the house.' 
His enthusiasm is undiminished and he insists on its being shared. George has put him on to this Indian music. 'You're not listening, are you?' he shouts after 20 minutes of the record. 'It's amazing this - so cool' Don't the Indians appear cool to you? Are you listening? This music is thousands of years old; it makes me laugh, the British going over there and telling them what to do. Quite amazing.' And he switched on the television set. 
Experience has sown few seeds of doubt in him: not that his mind is closed, but it's closed round whatever he believes at the time. 'Christianity will go,' he said. 'It will vanish and shrink. I needn't argue about that; I'm right and I will be proved right. We're more popular than Jesus now; I don't know which will go first - rock 'n' roll or Christianity. Jesus was all right but his disciples were thick and ordinary. It's them twisting it that ruins it for me.' He is reading extensively about religion. 
He shops in lightning swoops on Asprey's these days and there is some fine wine in his cellar, but he is still quite unselfconscious. He is far too lazy to keep up appearances, even if he had worked out what the appearances should be - which he has not. 
He is now 25. He lives in a large, heavily panelled, heavily carpeted, mock Tudor house set on a hill with his wife Cynthia and his son Julian. There is a cat called after his aunt Mimi, and a purple dining room. Julian is three; he may be sent to the Lycde in London. 'Seems the only place for him in his position,' said his father, surveying him dispassionately. 'I feel sorry for him, though. I couldn't stand ugly people even when I was five. Lots of the ugly ones are foreign, aren't they?' 
We did a speedy tour of the house, Julian panting along behind, clutching a large porcelain Siamese cat. John swept past the objects in which he had lost interest: 'That's Sidney' (a suit of armour); 'That's a hobby I had for a week' (a room full of model racing cars); 'Cyn won't let me get rid of that'(a fruit machine). In the sitting room are eight little green boxes with winking red lights; he bought them as Christmas presents but never got round to giving them away. They wink for a year; one imagines him sitting there till next Christmas, surrounded by the little winking boxes. 
He paused over objects he still fancies; a huge altar crucifix of a Roman Catholic nature with IHS on it; a pair of crutches, a present from George; an enormous Bible he bought in Chester; his gorilla suit. 
'I thought I might need a gorilla suit,' he said; he seemed sad about it. 'I've only worn it twice. I thought I might pop it on in the summer and drive round in the Ferrari. We were all going to get them and drive round in them but I was the only one who did. I've been thinking about it and if I didn't wear the head it would make an amazing fur coat - with legs, you see. I would like a fur coat but I've never run into any.' 
One feels that his possessions - to which he adds daily - have got the upper hand; all the tape recorders, the five television sets, the cars, the telephones of which he knows not a single number. The moment he approaches a switch it fuses; six of the winking boxes, guaranteed to last till next Christmas, have gone funny already. His cars - the Rolls, the Mini-Cooper (black wheels, black windows), the Ferrari (being painted black) - puzzle him. Then there's the swimming pool, the trees sloping away beneath it. 'Nothing like what I ordered,' he said resignedly. He wanted the bottom to be a mirror. 'It's an amazing household,' he said. 'None of my gadgets really work except the gorilla suit - that's the only suit that fits me.' 
He is very keen on books, will always ask what is good to read. He buys quantities of books and these are kept tidily in a special room. He has Swift, Tennyson, Huxley, Orwell, costly leather-bound editions of Tolstoy, Oscar Wilde. Then there's Little Women, all the William books from his childhood; and some unexpected volumes such as Forty-One Years In India, by Field Marshal Lord Roberts, and Curiosities of Natural History, by Francis T Buckland. This last - with its chapter headings 'Ear-less Cats', 'Wooden-Legged People,' 'The Immortal Harvey's Mother' - is right up his street.

He approaches reading with a lively interest untempered by too much formal education. 'I've read millions of books,' he said, 'that's why I seem to know things.' He is obsessed by Celts. 'I have decided I am a Celt,' he said. 'I am on Boadicea's side - all those bloody blue-eyed blondes chopping people up. I have an awful feeling wishing I was there - not there with scabs and sores but there through reading about it. The books don't give you more than a paragraph about how they lived; I have to imagine that.' 
He can sleep almost indefinitely, is probably the laziest person in England. 'Physically lazy,' he said. 'I don't mind writing or reading or watching or speaking, but sex is the only physical thing I can be bothered with any more.' Occasionally he is driven to London in the Rolls by an ex-Welsh guardsman called Anthony; Anthony has a moustache that intrigues him. 
The day I visited him he had been invited to lunch in London, about which he was rather excited. 'Do you know how long lunch lasts?' he asked. 'I've never been to lunch before. I went to a Lyons the other day and had egg and chips and a cup of tea. The waiters kept looking and saying: "No, it isn't him, it can't be him".' 
He settled himself into the car and demonstrated the television, the folding bed, the refrigerator, the writing desk, the telephone. He has spent many fruitless hours on that telephone. 'I only once got through to a person,' he said, 'and they were out.' 
Anthony had spent the weekend in Wales. John asked if they'd kept a welcome for him in the hillside and Anthony said they had. They discussed the possibility of an extension for the telephone. We had to call at the doctor's because John had a bit of sea urchin in his toe. 'Don't want to be like Dorothy Dandridge,' he said, 'dying of a splinter 50 years later.' He added reassuringly that he had washed the foot in question. 
We bowled along in a costly fashion through the countryside. 'Famous and loaded' is how he describes himself now. 'They keep telling me I'm all right for money but then I think I may have spent it all by the time I'm 40 so I keep going. That's why I started selling my cars; then I changed my mind and got them all back and a new one too.
'I want the money just to be rich. The only other way of getting it is to be born rich. If you have money, that's power without having to be powerful. I often think that it's all a big conspiracy, that the winners are the Government and people like us who've got the money. That joke about keeping the workers ignorant is still true; that's what they said about the Tories and the landowners and that; then Labour were meant to educate the workers but they don't seem to be doing that any more.' 
He has a morbid horror of stupid people: 'Famous and loaded as I am, I still have to meet soft people. It often comes into my mind that I'm not really rich. There are really rich people but I don't know where they are.' 
He finds being famous quite easy, confirming one's suspicion that The Beatles had been leading up to this all their lives. 'Everybody thinks they would have been famous if only they'd had the Latin and that. So when it happens it comes naturally. You remember your old granny saying soft things like: "You'll make it with that voice."' Not, he added, that he had any old grannies. 
He got to the doctor 2 3/4 hours early and to lunch on time but in the wrong place. He bought a giant compendium of games from Asprey's but having opened it he could not, of course, shut it again. He wondered what else he should buy. He went to Brian Epstein's office. 'Any presents?' he asked eagerly; he observed that there was nothing like getting things free. He tried on the attractive Miss Hanson's spectacles. 
The rumour came through that a Beatle had been sighted walking down Oxford Street! He brightened. 'One of the others must be out,' he said, as though speaking of an escaped bear. 'We only let them out one at a time,' said the attractive Miss Hanson firmly.
He said that to live and have a laugh were the things to do; but was that enough for the restless spirit? 
'Weybridge,' he said, 'won't do at all. I'm just stopping at it, like a bus stop. Bankers and stockbrokers live there; they can add figures and Weybridge is what they live in and they think it's the end, they really do. I think of it every day - me in my Hansel and Gretel house. I'll take my time; I'll get my real house when I know what I want. 
'You see, there's something else I'm going to do, something I must do - only I don't know what it is. That's why I go round painting and taping and drawing and writing and that, because it may be one of them. All I know is, this isn't it for me.' 
Anthony got him and the compendium into the car and drove him home with the television flickering in the soothing darkness while the Londoners outside rushed home from work.

Tuesday, March 17, 2015